Treaties between Great Britain and Ethiopia, and between Great Britain, Italy and Ethiopia relative to the Frontiers between the Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Signed at Adis Ababa, 15th May 1902.
Treaties between Great Britain and Ethiopia, and between Great Britain, Italy and Ethiopia relative to the Frontiers between the Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Signed at Adis Ababa, 15th May 1902. (Signed also in the Amharic Text) ( Ratification delivered at Adis Ababa, 28th October 1902) His Majesty Edward VII, by the Grace of God, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the British Dominions beyond the seas, Emperor of India, and His Majesty Menelek II, by the Grace of God, King of Kings of Ethiopia, being animated with the desire to confirm the friendly relations between the two powers, and to settle the frontier between the Sudan and Ethiopia, and his Majesty King Edward having appointed as his Plenipotentiary Lieut-Colonel John Lane Harrington, a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, His Majesty's Agent at the Court of His Majesty Menelek II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, whose full powers have been found in due and proper form, and his Majesty the Emperor Menelek, negotiating in his own name as King of Kings of Ethiopia, they have agreed upon and do conclude the following articles, which shall be binding on themselves, their heire and successors:- Frontier Between Sudan and Ethiopia Art.I . The frontier between the Sudan and Ethiopia agreed on between the two Governments shall be: the line which is marked in red on the map annexed(1) to this Treaty in duplicate and traced frrom Khor Um Hagar to Gallabat, to the Blue Nile, Baro, Pibor and Akobo Rivers to Melile, thence to the intersection of the 6th degree of north latitude with the 35th degree longitude east of Greenwich. Doundary to be delimited and marked on the Ground Art.II. The Boundary as defind in Art.I, shall be delimited and marked on the ground by a Joint Boundary Commission, which shall be reminated by the High Contracting Parties, who shall notify the same to their subjects after delimitation. (1) See Map ( No. 2 in Atlas or Punch ) showing frontier as actually demarcated. Annexed to Description of the Frontier p.434. Construction of Works on Blue Nile, Tsana and Sobat. Art.III. His Majesty the Emperor Menelek II, king of kings of Ethiopia, engages himself towards the Government of His Britannic Majesty not to construct, or allow to be constructed, any work accross the Blue Nile, Lake Tsana, or the Sobat, which would arrest the flow or their waters into the Nile except in agreement with his Brittanic Majesty's Govt, and the Government of the Sudan. Art.IV. His Majesty the Emperor Menelek, king of kings of Ethiopia engages himself to allow his Britannic Majesty's government and the government of the Sudan to select in the neighbourhood of Itang(1) on the Darg River, a block of territory having a river frontage of not more than 2,000 metres in area, not exceeding 400 hectares, which shall be leased to the Government of the Sudan, to be administered and occupied as a commercial station, so long as the Sudan is under the Anglo-Egyptian Government. It is agreed between the two High Contraction Parties that the territory so leased shall not be used for any political or military purpose. (1) Itang having been found unsuitable, the present commercial station at Gambela was substituted for it. Done at Adis Ababa, the 15th day of May 1902. (L.S.) John Lane Harrington Lieutenant Colonel ( Seal of His Majesty the Emperor Menelek II ) . Note : Annex to the Treaty of 10th July 1900(No.125) regarding the frontier between Ethiopian and Eritrea, and the treaty of 15th May 1902, regarding the frontier between the Sudan and Ethiopia. His Majesty the Emperor of Ethiopia, and Lieut. Colonel Harrington, His Britannic Majesty's Agent in Ethiopia have mutually agreed that: Frontier Between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Art.I. The frontier Treaty between Ethiopia and Eritrea, previously determined by the line Tomat-Todlue, is mutually modified in the following manner:- Commencing from the junction of the Khor Um Hagar with the Setit, the new frontier follows this river to its junction with the Maieteb, following the latter's course so as to leave Mount Ala Tacura to Eritrea, and joins the Mareb at its junction with the Mai Ambessa. The line from the junction of the Setit and Maieteb to the junction of the Mareb and Mai Ambessa shall be delimited by Italian and Ethiopian delegates, so that the Canama tribe belong to Eritrea. Frontier between Sudan and Eritrea. Art.II. The frontier between the Sudan and Eritrea, instead of that delimited by the English and Italian delegates by the Government of the 16th April 1901(No.343) shall be the line which, from Sabderat, is traced via Abu Jamal to the junction of the Khor Um Hagar with the Setit. The present Agreement shall come into force as soon as its ratification by the British and Italian Governments shall have been notified to the Emperor of Ethiopia. In faith of which His Majesty the Emperor of Ethiopia, Menelek II, in his own name and that of his successors, Major Ciccodicola, in the name of His Majesty Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy, and his successors, and lieutenat-Colonel Harrington, in the name of His Majesty Edward VII, king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the Dominions beyondd the Seas, Emperor of India, and his successors, having signed the present Note in triplicate, written in the Italian, English and Amharic Languages, identically, all texts being official, and have thereto affixed thier seals. Done at Addis Ababa this 15th day of May 1902. (L.S.) John Lane Harrington Lieutenant Colonel (l.S.) Maggiore Federico Ciccodicola. ( Seal of His Majesty The Emperor Menelek II ) . PAGE 4